The Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom was founded in 1884 and the Plymouth Laboratory opened in 1888. The Association and Laboratory are governed by a Council, and the first Honorary Secretary was Professor E. Ray Lankester. He was succeeded in 1890 by Professor G. Herbert Fowler, but the office of Honorary Secretary was abolished in 1902 when Dr E.J.
Allen, Director of the Plymouth Laboratory, took over the duties of Secretary. Since that date the Plymouth Directors have also held the dual position of Secretary to the Association's Council. Institutional papers of the Director and Secretary's Office therefore include material relating to the Association, the Council and the Plymouth Laboratory. Although there is inevitable overlap within and between
the files, the archives are arranged broadly in three groups: (1) The Marine Biological
Association; (2) The Council; (3) The Director's
MARINE BIOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION
DIRECTOR AND SECRETARY
(1) THE MARINE BIOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION
MARINE BIOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION
Documents relating to the foundation of the Marine Biological Association.
1883-1884 Letters, pamphlets, circulars and reports
Summary: Includes "A proposal for the foundation of an observatory..."; material relating to the foundation meeting (31 March 1884); circular listing the committee and officers, and soliciting donations.
MARINE BIOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION
Documents relating to the early history of the Association and the establishment and opening of the Plymouth Laboratory.
1883-1889 Letters, circulars, reports
Summary: Includes Honorary Secretary's (E. Ray Lankester) correspondence and reports; letters from Bangor and Weymouth, and correspondence regarding the Plymouth site; memorabilia relating to the opening of the Plymouth Laboratory; reports of the 1st and 2nd annual general meetings.
Documents relating to the early history of the Association.
1883-1889 Reports and documents
Summary: Includes reports of 1st and 2nd annual general meetings (1885 and 1886); memorandum by
Council members and others on the work of the proposed Fishery Department; financial statements and projections
- Documents relating to the establishment and opening of the Plymouth Laboratory.
1884-1889 Letters, reports, memorabilia
Summary: Includes correspondence from the Menai Society, Bangor, and Weymouth; letters from : Plymouth Municipal Offices, the Treasury, War Office and Royal Engineers; material from the opening of the Laboratory, and estimate from Spooners of Plymouth for the supply of
Honorary Secretary's (Sir Edwin Ray Lankester) correspondence, reports and memoranda.
1884-1888 Letters and reports [MB2.1]
Note: Lankester Pamphlets (a collection of volumes of reprints) is one of the MBA Library's special collections.
Summary: Includes letters from Anton Dohrn, Alexander Agassiz, John Murray, and from Mar/borough House confirming that the Prince of Wales would be Patron. Appeals for funds, and responses from Government bodies, City companies, and individuals; letters of support; memoranda and reports prepared for the MBA Council; evidence to Royal Commission on Trawling; correspondence with Home Office, Board of Trade, Scottish Fishery Board, Marine Fisheries Society, and Agent General for New Zealand.
MARINE BIOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION
Administrative material relating to the work of the Association.
1891-1912 Documents and letters [MB3]
Summary: Includes correspondence and reports of the Honorary Secretary (G.H. Fowler); Notice of the Situation of the Registered Office of the MBA
(1893); Comparative tables of income and expenditure (1897-1899); Correspondence relating to annual grant from University of London
(1910-1911); MBA bye-laws (1912).
- Honorary Secretary's (G. Herbert Fowler) correspondence and reports.
1891-1894 Letters and printed reports
Summary: Includes report on oyster farming in the Yealm, prepared for Lord Revelstoke; evidence to
House of Commons Select Committee on Sea Fisheries (1893); Comments to National Sea Fisheries , Protection Association on North Sea fisheries
MARINE BIOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION
International Fishery Investigations.
1897 -1910 Letters, memoranda, reports and newspaper cuttings
Note: The MBA undertook the English share of the investigations of the North Sea and English Channel, with government support, under the auspices of the International
Council for the Exploration of the Sea.
Summary: Includes correspondence and copies of correspondence with government departments; reports;
three files of Walter Garstang's reports and correspondence, including material concerning the Lowestoft Laboratory.
MARINE BIOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION
- International Fishery Investigations.
1899-1910 Letters and reports [MB4.1]
Summary: Includes letter from E.J. Allen to Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs regretting that the MBA had not been consulted
(1899); meeting reports; reports on work carried out by the MBA, and requests for funds.
- Walter Garstang's documents concerning the International Fishery Investigations.
1897-1907 Letters, reports and newspapers cuttings
Summary: Includes letters, reports and memoranda regarding the MBA's role in the International Investigations, with letters from John Murray,
E. Ray Lankester, G. W. Balfour, MP, the Board of Trade and the Foreign Office; Garstang's attendance, as expert adviser, at meetings of the International Council; copies of letters to The Times and other newspapers regarding criticisms made by Noel
Papers relating to government funding of the MBA, 1900-1910, with evidence presented to the Parliamentary Committee on Fisheries.
1900-1910 Manuscripts and printed reports
Summary: Includes letter from E. Ray Lankester to TG. Bowles, MP. (1900), with reply; applications to Treasury
(1906 and 1909); report of the deputation to the Chancellor of the Exchequor
(1906); appeal for funds (1909); evidence given to the Committee on Fishery Investigations
- Evidence presented to the Parliamentary Committee on Fishery Investigations, 1907 -1908.
1907 -1908 Typescripts and printed draft
Summary: Printed Draft of Evidence, with typescripts of the evidence of E. Ray Lankester, A.E. Shipley, J. Amery Travers,
G.C. Bourne, E.J. Allen, G.H Fowler, DJ Matthews, HR. Mill, and outline of evidence of
Walter Garstang. Committee Chairman was HJ. Tennant, MP.; report (Cmnd. 4268)
(1908) is in the library (BT.1/P).
MARINE BIOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION
Descriptive brochures and publicity material.
1890-1939 Booklets and leaflets [MB6]
Summary: Includes 1890, 1907, 1912, 1925, 1926 versions of "An account of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom"; leaflet on the Plymouth Laboratory
(1922); Regulations for the working of the Laboratory (1935); descriptive leaflets
(192-?) and with membership application form (1939); leaflet advertising the 2nd edition of Plymouth Marine Fauna
MARINE BIOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION
Autograph letters from eminent scientists.
1840-1947 Letters [MB7]
Summary: Includes A. Alcock; C. Spence Bate; W. Bateson; W. M. Bayliss; R.
Beddington; G. C. Bourne;
E. T. Browne; F. Buckland; R. Collett; J. Couch; A. D. Darbyshire; F. Day: A..
Dohrn; M. Dunn; T. Eimer; H. Gadow; F. W. Gamble; A. Gunther; V. Heureu; E. W.
L. Holt; T. H. Huxley; T. Johnson; S. Kent; E. R. Lankester; A. F. Marstoy; M. M.
Martin; M. Mayer; E. Meyer; J. B. Poulton; C. T. Regan; T. Scott; A. Sedgwick;
H. Steenstrup; J. A. Thompson; W. Turner; M. Weber; W. F. R. Weldon; G. S. West;
A. C. Willis; W. Yarrell. Many of the earlier letters are addressed to J. T Cunningham.
(2) THE COUNCIL
MBA Council documents.
1884-1995 (ongoing) Letters, papers, manuscript and printed reports and notices
Note: Council meetings normally held quarterly; with annual general meetings, and occasional special meetings. The office of Honorary Secretary was abolished in 1902, from which date the Director also acted as Secretary. See Lankester papers and Director's Office MD 1.1 file for other early Council material.
Summary: Includes minutes of Council, annual general and special meetings; agendas and reports to Council (including Director's reports); Director's Council files (1937-1974); notices to Council and to members, lists of officers, Council and scientific staff, lists of Governors, Founders and Members, and other printed material.
MBA Council meeting documents.
1884-1995 (ongoing) Manuscript and printed reports and notices
Note: Quarterly Council meetings, annual general and special meetings.
Summary: Includes original (signed) minutes of Council and Annual General meetings; Agendas and reports to Council (including Director's reports) (with duplicate
sets); duplicated/printed Council minutes; Annual General Meeting notices; Notices of Special Meetings.
1927; May 1927; October 1938.
- MBA Council minute books.
1884-1995 (ongoing) Signed minutes, with enclosures and attached letters, with set of printed/duplicated copies for 1948-1995
Note: Minutes of quarterly meetings. Only available for consultation by special permission.
Summary: Bound volumes of signed minutes for the years: 1884-1886; 1886-1891; 1891-1901;
1901- 1907; 1907-1914; 1915-1924; 1925-1932; 1933-1940; 1941-1945; 1946-1949; 1949-1953; 1953-1958;
1958-1963; 1963-1967; 1968-1975; unbound volumes for 1976-1984; 1985-1988; 1989-1994.
Printed/duplicated copies (bound) for 1948-1962; 1963-1974; 1975-1984, and unbound 1985-1995.
- Minutes of the MBA annual general meetings.
1884-1995 (ongoing) Volumes of signed minutes
Summary: Bound volumes for the years: 1884-1912; 1913-1949; 1950-1968; 1969-1989; with unbound
set for 1990-1995.
- MBA Council agendas and reports.
1895-1995 (ongoing) Bound volumes and sets of spare copies
[MC1.3] Summary: Bound volumes, including Director's reports, for: 1895-1903; 1904-1911; 1912-1928;
1929-1938; 1939-1949; 1950-1960; 1961-1974; 1975-1984; with 1985-1994 unbound. Spare sets, in bundles
covering 1895-1902 and 1935-1974. Spare copies of Director's reports in folders 1975-1981 and
MBA Council notices to members regarding meetings.
1927-1974 Leaflets [MC1.4]
Summary: Annual General Meeting notices: 1927 and 1941-1974. Notices of Special Meetings: April
DIRECTOR'S OFFICE Director's Council files.
Director's Council documents.
1937-1974 Letters and reports [MC2]
Summary: Files for the years: 1937-1948; 1949-1953; 1954-1965; 1965-1974. Director's Council diary (1937). Director's annotated copies of MBA Council agendas and reports (1922-1940). Arrangements for lunch for retiring President - Carl Pantin (1966).
1937-1948 Letters and reports [MC2.1]
- Director's Council files.
1949-1953 Letters and reports [MC2.2]
Director's Council files.
1954-1965 Letters and reports [MC2.3]
Director's Council files.
1965-1974 Letters and reports [MC2.4]
Director's Council diary.
1937 Hardback "Scribbling diary"
Director's annotated copies of Council agendas and reports.
1922-1940 Printed booklets and leaflets, and manuscript sheets
Printed material relating to MBA Council and members.
1884-1995 Reports and leaflets. [MC3]
Summary: Includes Bye-laws (1884) (including list of Council members), and 1885; Memorandum and Articles of the Association
(1927, 1945, 1971 and 1995); Lists of Governors, Founders and Members: 19 lists covering various years
(1994-1974); Lists of Officers, Council and scientific staff (1947-1972); Reports of the Council
(reprinted from JMBA) (1906/07, 1918, 1943/44, 1950/51); Annual accounts
(reprinted from JMBA) (1982-1985); Appeal to members for donations towards the cost of a memorial monument to Prince Albert 1st of Monaco, with an account of the inauguration of the statue, and a photograph (added 1995);
copies of a scroll sent by the Council to the Royal Society on the tercentenary of the Society
(3) THE DIRECTOR'S OFFICE
The early years. Science and administration 1888-1893.
1888-1893 Letters, notebooks and reports
Note: Directors were G.C. Bourne, 1888-1890; W.L. Calderwood, 1890-1892, and E.J. Bles, 1893-1894.
Summary: Includes Directors' reports to Council, material relating to scientific work,
and fishery reports of W. Roach (MBA Fisherman).
- Director's reports to Council.
1888-1893 Manuscript reports [MD 1.1]
Summary: Reports of G.C. Bourne (October 1888 to April 1890);
G.H. Fowler (as Interim Director) (November 1890); W.L. Calderwood (January 1891-1893). Generally submitted monthly.
- Early scientific work.
1889-1893 Letters, reports and record sheets
Summary: Includes oyster culture, with letter from Luis Falero and apparatus specification; letters regarding the establishment of a marine pond for fish hatchery in Plymouth Sound; Record sheets of MBA survey of North Sea fishing grounds (/892-1893); letters regarding Sheerness Moat, mainly from
W.H. Shrubsole; letters regarding the MBA trawling in Whitsand Bay; quotation from James White, Contractors to the Admiralty, for supply of So. machine.
William Roach's reports to the Director on the trawler fishery in the Plymouth area.
1889-1893 Letters, notebook and record
Note: William Roach was the MBA Fisherman.
DIRECTOR'S OFFICE Fishery expert for New Zealand: E.J. Allen papers.
Science and administration 1894-1919.
1894-1919 Letters and reports
Note: Directors were E.J. Bles, 1892-1894, and E.J. Allen, 1895-1936.
Summary: Includes memorandum prepared by F.B. Stead (189-?) for Devon Sea Fisheries Committee;
report on fishery statistics (1896); reports of visits to Plymouth and Lowestoft laboratories (1906);
documents on the transportation of young fish to New Zealand; report of visit to various net manufacturers in Bridport (1914); investigations for
S.A. Walton on treatment of wood to prevent gribble attack (1917-1918).
189- ? Booklet [MD2.1]
- F.B. Stead's Memorandum into the results of investigations into the contents of certain bays on the South coast of Devon.
Note: Assistant Naturalist 1894-1897.
Summary: Submitted for the information of the sub-committee of enquiry appointed by the Devon Sea Fisheries Committee.
Report on fishery statistics.
1896 3 booklets [MD2.2]
Note: Prepared for the MBA Council by the MBA Naturalists.
Summary: Includes confidential proof of the version of the report to be presented by the MBA Council to the Board of Trade. with suggestions for improving the adequacy and accuracy of fishery statistics.
S.S. Ariel: damage to MBA pipe in Plymouth Sound.
1896-1897 Letters [MD2.3]
Summary: S.S. Ariel was driven ashore causing damage to an MBA pipe. MBA claimed
negligence; owners claimed that it was an Act of God.
Reports of the Committees of Inspection of the Plymouth and Lowestoft laboratories.
1906 2 leaflets [MD2.4]
Summary: The Plymouth committee consisted of H.R. Mill and G.C. Bourne; the Lowestoft committee was H.R. Mill, J.A. Travers, G.P. Bidder and
E.J. Allen. One leaflet entitled "Work of the Lowestoft laboratory" reviews the history and current activities.
Transportation of young fish to New Zealand: E.J. Allen papers.
1909-1913 Letters and reports [MD2.5]
Summary: Report by A.E. Hefford (1909) on experiments on the effect of low temperatures on turbot;
correspondence with T. Anderton, Curator of Portobello Fish Hatchery, and the New Zealand High Commissioner, regarding successful shipments of lobsters, crabs and turbot to New Zealand; herring also sent, but did not survive.
Visit to Bridport net manufacturers.
1914 4 manuscript sheets [MD2.6]
Summary: Lists small meshed nets manufacturers, with descriptions of their machinery and products.
Wood treatment tests for S.A. Walton: E.J. Allen correspondence.
1917-1918 Letters [MD2.7]
Note: 1 folder.
Summary: Correspondence and report concerning tests carried out regarding treatment of wood against crustacean borers (gribble).
Correspondence with H.M. Treasury.
1885-1965 Letters, reports and accounts
Note: 1885-1929 in first box; 1930-1965 in second box.
Summary: Envelopes for 1885-1905, 1903-1905, 1903-1907 re International Fishery Investigations; files for 1903-1906, 1908-1910, 1911-1929, 1930-1936, 1936-1945, 1946-1956, 1956-1965.
Correspondence with Development Commission.
1910-1965 Letters, reports and accounts
Note: 1910-1948 in first box; 1949-1965 in second box.
Summary: Files for 1919-1920 (with some 1910-1911 material), 1921-1922, 1923, 1924-1925, 1925-1926, 1926-1927, 1927-1928, 1928-1929, 1929-1930, 1930-1931, 1931-1932, 1932-1933, 1933-1934, 1934-1935, 1935-1936, 1936-1937, 1937, 1937-1944, 1944-1948, 1949-1951, 1952-1954, 1954-1956, 1956-1958, 1958-1959, 1959-1960, 1961-1963, 1963-1965; envelope of memoranda (1955-1956), and parcel of memoranda (1962-1963).
Correspondence with Board (from 1920 Ministry) of Agriculture and Fisheries, from 1955 Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food.
1908-1965 Letters, reports and accounts
Note: 1908-1929 in first box; 1930-1965 in second Summary: Files for 1908-1912, 1913-1914, 1915~1917, 1918-1919, 1920, 1921-J922, 1923, 1924-1925, 1926, 1927, 1928, 1929, 1930, 1931, 1932, 1933, 1934, 1935, 1936, 1937-1945, 1946-1948, 1949-1953, 1953-1956, 1956-1961, 1961-1965.
Science and administration 1920-1929.
1919-1929 Letters and reports [MD3]
Note: Director was E.J.Allen. Note that grants, gifts and bequests and Development Fund material is also for later years.
Summary: Includes agreement with British Film Institute, Elstree (1922-24); papers of the Interdepartmental Conference on Fishery Investigations (1924); correspondence with the Dominion of New Zealand London Office regarding the appointment of a fishery expert (1924); MBA Council guarantee to Zoological Record (1924-1925); supply
of seawater samples for Professor F.
Haber, Berlin (1924-1925); documents and correspondence regarding fishery research in Newfoundland (1929); documents relating to grants, gifts and bequests (1920-1976); Development Fund memoranda and reports (1919-1939).
1922-1924 Letters and agreement [MD3.1]
- British Instructional Films: E.J. Allen correspondence.
Summary: Correspondence and agreement with British Instructional Films Ltd,
Elstree, regarding the production and sale of films on marine biology.
Interdepartmental Conference on Fishery Investigations: E.J. Allen papers.
1924 Letters and reports [MD3.2]
Note: Meeting held at MAFF, London on 12 August 1924.
1924 Letters and reports [MD3.3]
Summary: Correspondence with the Dominion of New Zealand London offices regarding selection and interview expenses for the appointment of a Fishery Expert for the New Zealand Marine Department.
A.E. Hefford was appointed.
Zoological Record: E.J. Allen correspondence.
1924-1925 Letters and reports [MD3.4]
Summary: Correspondence with the Zoological Record Association relating to the MBA Council guaranteeing any deficit on Zoological Record,
1924 and following volumes, to a maximum of 5 guineas.
Seawater samples for Prof. F. Haber: E.J. Allen correspondence.
1924-1925 Letters [MD3.5]
Summary: Correspondence with Professor F. Haber of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institut fur Physikalische Chemie und
Elektrochemie, Berlin, regarding the collection and supply of seawater samples.
Newfoundland fishery research: E.J. Allen correspondence.
1929 Letters and reports [MD3.6]
Summary: Correspondence with the Empire Marketing Board, London, with documents relating to the
need for fishery research in Newfoundland
Documents relating to grants, gifts and bequests.
1920-1976 Letters and reports [MD3.7]
Note: Additional material is in Finance Office records.
Summary: Includes British Association grant (1920-1921); Fishmongers Company grants
(1922-1928);Rockefeller Foundation grants (1930 and 1937-1946), and $30,000 grant
(1954-1963); Royal Society grants (1920-1937); Florence Buchanan legacy
(1936-1938); Albert R. T. Momber bequest (1933-1954); Mrs T.H. Riches' gift of books, microscopes and apparatus
(1935-1936); Wellcome Trust grant for electron microscope (1964-1966).
British Association for the Advancement of Science grant.
1920-1921 Letters [MD3.8]
Summary: Grant of £200 to Special Fund
Royal Society grants.
1920-1937 Letters and reports [MD3.9]
Summary: Includes regular grants, miscellaneous small grants, and Gore Fund grants.
Florence Buchanan legacy.
1936-1938 Letters and reports [MD3.10]
Note: Dr Florence Buchanan (University College, London) was an MBA member.
Summary: The legacy of £150 for physiological apparatus was used towards the Constant Temperature Room, which was funded mainly by the Rockefeller Foundation. Allen and Kemp correspondence, with some letters from A. V. Hill.
Albert R.T. Momber bequest.
1933-1954 Letters and legal documents
Note: Albert Reginald Theodore Momber died in 1911. The MBA was one of a number of institutions and societies to have a share in the residuary estate.
Summary: Allen, Kemp and Russell correspondence with solicitors. The MBA received approximately
£1100 in 1953-1954.
Mrs T .H. Riches gift.
1934-1936 Letters [MD3.12]
Note: Thomas Henry Riches was a Founder Member of the MBA, and a visiting worker. He died in 1935.
Summary: E.J. Allen correspondence with Katherine A. Riches and with Professor P.A. Buxton, Honorary Secretary of the Freshwater Biological Association. Mrs Riches gave books and journals, microscopes and apparatus; similar gifts were made to the
Fishmongers Company grants.
1922-1928 Letters and
Summary: Grants to the MBA and Inland Revenue tax recovery documents.
Rockefeller Foundation grants.
1930-1963 Correspondence and financial documents
Summary: Grants (1930 and 1937-1946), and $30,000 grant (1954-1963). Includes some letters from A. V. Hill.
Wellcome Trust grant for electron microscope.
1964-1966 Letters and accounts [MD3.15]
Summary: Grant of £17, 750 for purchase of an electron microscope; £1,229 being used towards
Development Fund memoranda and reports.
1919-1939 Letters and reports
Summary: Treasury Development Fund, Advisory Committee on Fisheries Research, and Development Commission papers
concerning financial support for the Plymouth Laboratory.
Newspaper reports of MBA interest.
1923-1984 3 parcels [MD3.21]
Summary: Collected mainly by Director, Director's Secretary, and
DIRECTOR'S OFFICE Admiralty Hydrographic Department: E.J. Allen correspondence relating to the new ship "HMS
Science and administration, 1930-1949.
1930-1949 Letters, files, reports
Note: Directors were E.J. Allen to 1936; S. W. Kemp 1936-1945:
F.S. Russell 1945-1965.
Summary: Includes Lists of documents in the safe (1921, 1925, 1936); Challenger Society correspondence with
E.J. Allen and F.S. Russell (1928-1951); Admiralty Hydrographic Department (1930-31); Carnegie Trust (1930); Antifouling and corrosion (1931-51); Zostera (research mainly by
T.G. Tutin) (1933-37); Teredo (1934-35); Bahamas sponge investigations (1935-36); Mackerel Investigations (1935-48); Oil pollution
(N.K. Adam) (1936); Letters from Lord Moyne to S. W. Kemp regarding cruise by
J.S. Colman on Lord Moyne's yacht (1937); Mrs Sexton's Gammarus work (1937) with letters from Julian Huxley; Cornwall Sea Fisheries Committee (1937-49); ICES (1938-42); Proposed Hong Kong fishery institute (1938-47);
Indian fisheries (1939-48); Postcard to S. W. Kemp regarding the disappearance of Commander Carey from
R.R.S. Discovery in 1933 (1939); Post-war Fisheries Regulation Committee
(1940-41); Bermuda Biological Station (1940-46); Tests for British Celanese (1941-45);
V.J. Chapman's survey of seaweeds of the British Isles (1942); Tests for Indian Jute Mills Association (1942); Proposed oceanographic expedition to SW British Isles (1943-47); Schueler plankton sampler (1946-47);
F.R. Irvine's book on Gold Coast fisheries (1947); Advisory Committee on Foreign Seaweeds
(Macrocystis) (1949-50); Correspondence from the 1940s, and memoranda on MBA post-war research programmes and requirements (1944-1949).
- Carnegie United Kingdom Trust: unsuccessful application by E.J. Allen for funds : for the library.
1930 Letters [MD4.1]
Summary: Application for £1,000 for publications, at the time of the appeal for funds for the new library building.
1930-31 Letters [MD4.2]
Anti fouling and corrosion: E.J. Allen and F.S. Russell correspondence and reports on tests undertaken and advice provided by the MBA.
1931-1951 Letters [MD4.3]
Summary: Includes Birmabright Ltd (1931-32); LMS Railway (/932 and 1934); Iron and Steel Institute
(1932-36); HMS Vernon (1934); GW Railway (/937); Devonport Dockyard (1932-51).
Zostera investigations: correspondence and reports.
1933-37 Letters and reports [MD4.4 ]
Note: Some additional material is in E.J. Browne's Zostera file.
Summary: T. Tutin was the investigator and financial records and his reports are included
Marine wood borers: E.J. Allen correspondence with DSIR Forest Products Research Laboratory.
1934-35 Letters and reports [MD4.5]
Summary: Includes proposals for research into Teredo and other marine wood borers to be carried out by the MBA.
Sponge fisheries in the Bahamas: E.J. Allen correspondence.
1935-36 Letters [MD4.6]
Summary: Correspondence with the Colonial Office, MAFF and others regarding the appointment of staff for sponge fisheries investigations in the Bahamas.
Oil pollution: E.J. Allen correspondence.
1936 Letters [MD4.7]
Summary: N.K. Adam of the Chemistry Department of University College, London, carried out an investigation of oil pollution causey by discharges from ships, at the request of the Royal Society.
Mackerel Investigations: correspondence and progress reports.
1936-48 Letters and reports [MD4.8]
Note: The MBA received a MAFF grant-in-aid for "directed" research.
Summary: Includes the appointment of the research assistant (Peter G. Corbin) in 1936, and correspondence with the ICES Mackerel Sub-Committee.
E.W. Sexton's Gammarus work: S.W. Kemp correspondence.
1937 Letters [MD4.9]
Summary: Letters mainly to and from Julian Huxley regarding the mistaken impression that Mrs Sexton was to discontinue her work on
Cornwall Sea Fisheries Committee: S.W. Kemp and F.S. Russell correspondence and reports.
1937-49 Letters and reports [MD4.10]
Note: Kemp, followed by Russell, were members of the Committee.
Summary: Includes committee reports and background papers.
International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES):
S.W. Kemp correspondence.
1938-42 Letters and reports [MD4.11]
Summary: Includes letters and memoranda from A.C. Hardy and other scientists.
Hong Kong fisheries: S.W. Kemp and F.S. Russell correspondence.
1938-47 Letters [MD4.12]
Summary: Material relating to the establishment of a fisheries research station and aquarium. Includes letters to and from Hong Kong Civil Affairs
Staff, London, Hong Kong Development Secretariat, Hong Kong, and Geoffrey
Herklots, Secretary for Development, Hong Kong.
Marine Corrosion Sub-committee (Iron and Steel Industrial Research Council):reports and background papers.
1941-46 Letters and reports [MD4.14]
Note: A sub-committee of the Corrosion Committee of ISIRC.
Summary: Includes background papers by MBA staff (W.R.G. Atkins, H. W. Harvey and
Indian fisheries: S.W. Kemp and F.S. Russell correspondence regarding the development of Indian fisheries and fisheries research.
1939-45 Letter and reports [MD4.15]
Summary: Correspondence with British and Indian government and state offices, and individuals, with comments on various reports.
Interdepartmental Committee on the Post-war Regulation of Fisheries: S.W. Kemp correspondence and reports.
1940-41 Letters and reports [MD4.16]
Bermuda Biological Station for Research: S.W. Kemp and F.S. Russell
1940-46 Letters and reports [MD4.17]
Note: Related material is in the papers of the Royal Society Browne Research Fund
Summary: Correspondence, reports and memoranda relating to the Bermuda
Station and the deliberations of the Bermuda Committee of the Royal Society.
Seaweed Survey of the British Isles: S.W. Kemp correspondence relating to the survey undertaken by
1941-42 Letters and reports
Note: See also: papers of R.A. Richens (PR11); JMBA,26, 37-60, 1944 (Chapman,
V.J.); and the book: Richens, R.H.; Fogg, G.E.; Lewin R.A. Strictly marginal. British Phycological Society, 1995 (BK.1/R).
Summary: Material relating to the Ministry of Supply contract for a seaweed survey, undertaken by
V.J. Chapman with the assistance of G.E. Fogg, R.A. Lewin and R.H. Richens, mainly in relation to supplies for the production of calcium alginate by factories
of Cefoil Ltd., of Oban.
British Celanese tests: S.W. Kemp correspondence.
1941-45 Letters and reports [MD4.19]
Summary: Seawater immersion and biological tests of fabrics, cords and ropes, for British Celanese Ltd., London.
Indian Jute Mills Association: S.W. Kemp correspondence.
1942 Letters [MD4.20]
Summary: Correspondence relating to tests carried out for the Sandbag Advisory Committee.
The fishes and fisheries of the Gold Coast, by F.R. Irvine: S.W. Kemp correspondence relating to the printing and publication of the book.
1942-45 Letters and proofs [MD4.21]
Note: Irvine, F.R. The fishes and fisheries of the Gold Coast. xiv, 352p. London: Crown Agents for the Colonies, for the Government of the Gold Coast, 1947 (Printed by Cambridge University Press) "Dedicated gratefully to the memory of the late Dr Stanley Kemp,
Proposed oceanographic expedition off south west Ireland: S.W. Kemp and F.S. Russell correspondence.
1943-47 Letters and reports
Note: Related material IS in the Royal Society Browne Research Fund papers.
Summary: Includes memoranda and comments to F.S. Russell (as convenor) from N.A. Mackintosh,
G.E.R. Deacon, R.B. Seymour Sewell, A.C. Hardy, and others.
Correspondence and memoranda on post-war research programmes and requirements.
1944-1949 Letters and reports
Summary: Includes papers by S. W. Kemp;
L.H.N. Cooper; F.E. Fritsch; H. W. Harvey; O.D. Hunt; M Knight; M V. Lebour; F.S. Russell; A. Sand;
Plankton sampler from Fred Schueler: F.S. Russell correspondence.
1946-47 Letters [MD4.24]
Summary: The purchase and import of a plankton sampler from Waltham, Massachusetts, USA.
Weather ships in the North Atlantic: F.S. Russell correspondence.
1946-1951 Letters and reports [MD4.25]
Summary: Correspondence with Meteorological Office, British marine scientists, ICES Plankton and Hydrographical Committees regarding the use of Weather Ships for the collection of oceanographic and plankton data.
Advisory Council on Scientific Policy Committee on Foreign Seaweeds: F.S. Russell papers.
1949-50 Letters and reports [MD4.26]
Summary: Material relating particularly to concerns about the introduction of
Letters from Lord Moyne to S.W. Kemp regarding cruise by J.S. Colman on Lord Moyne's yacht.
1937 Letters and telegrams [MD4.27]
Note: Lord Moyne was a former MBA President.
Challenger Society for the Promotion. of the Study of Oceanography:
correspondence with E.J. Allen and F.S. Russell, and related documents.
1928-1955 Letters, meeting agendas and reports, circulars
Note: Earlier material of a similar nature is in
E.T. Browne papers. For Plymouth meetings 1954, 1961 and 1971 see MG3
Summary: Correspondence, with leaflets, reports and meetings documents.
Postcard to Dr Kemp from D.(?)E. Davies regarding the disappearance of Commander Carey from
R.R.S. Discovery in 1933.
1939 Postcard [MD4.29]
Summary: From Harscombe, Shaugh Prior, addressed to Dr Kemp, Discovery Committee. Colonial Office, London, and referring to a previous letter regarding the Board of Trade Inquiry into the circumstances attending the disappearance of Commander Carey.
Correspondence from the 1940's.
1940-1945 Folders and letters [MD4.30]
Note: Additional material is in the Library archives.
Summary: Includes war damage (1941), valuation of the library (1941); receipts and payments balance sheets (1941); removal of the library to
Hawkmoor; Laboratory cars (1941-1944), and proposed hostel (1944-1945).
1940-1941 Letters and reports [MD4.31]
Receipts and payments balance sheets.
- War damage, and letters of condolence.
1941 Manuscript sheets [MD4.32]
Library valuation, 1941.
1940-1941 Letters and lists [MD4.33]
Note: Related material is in Library archives.
Summary: Valuation was undertaken by R.R. Trout of Store Street, London. Estimated value was
Removal of the library to Hawkmoor House.
1941-1944 Letters and legal documents
Note: Additional material is in Library archives.
Summary: For safety from potential bomb damage, the library's books and journals were removed to Hawkmoor House,
The Laboratory's cars in wartime.
1941-1946 Letters and forms [MD4.35]
Summary: Includes permits and issue of petrol coupons.
Proposed laboratory hostel.
1944-1946 Letters [MD4.36]
Summary: The possibility of purchasing property in St. James' Terrace or Athenaeum Street.
Lists of documents in the safe, and backfiled correspondence.
1921-1958 Loose-leaf book and 3 handwritten sheets
Summary: Lists of leases, certificates, agreements, policies. List of papers in the deed box (1921); List of documents in safe (1925); List of documents in safe (1936). The loose-leaf book (1958) contains details of documents in the safes in the Director's office, with alphabetical lists of current and
DIRECTOR'S OFFICE Letters of thanks from visitors to F .S. Russell.
E.T. Browne estate and bequests: S.W. Kemp and F.S. Russell correspondence.
1937-1946 Letters and documents [MD5]
Summary: S. W. Kemp was an executor.
Science and administration 1950-1965.
1950-1966 Correspondence and reports
Summary: Includes Memoranda on the work of the Plymouth Laboratory (1946-1964);
F.S. Russell file of notices, descriptive leaflets and memoranda (1945-1964); letters of thanks from visitors to
F.S. Russell (1945-1966).
1950-1964 Letters and reports [MD6.8]
- Memoranda on the work of the Plymouth Laboratory, 1946-1964.
Summary: Five-year reviews and forward looks;
F.S. Russell memorandum on scientific policy (1955); reports on need for a fast launch, electron microscopes, radioactive substances research, R. V.
Sarsia, the work of the research ships, seawater circulation, aquarium improvements, and the
proposal for a Natural Resources (sic) Research Council.
Forms, notices, descriptive leaflets and memoranda.
1945-1964 Reports, leaflets, forms [MD6.9]
Note: F.S. Russell's file.
Summary: Includes Laboratory and Library regulations, meetings, social functions, microscopes, opening of the new aquarium (1959).
1945-1966 Letters [MD6.7]
Summary: 351 letters, 1945-1959, in 2 envelopes; 189 letters, 1960-1966, in 1 envelope. Formal, informal and personal letters, with comments on research activities, people and institutions.
DIRECTOR'S OFFICE Programme Review by NERC Visiting Group, December 1982.
Science and administration 1965-1986.
1965-1986 Letters and reports [MD8]
Note: Temporary repository until additional material is transferred. Not available for general consultation.
Summary: Includes material relating to NERC Visiting Groups 1976, 1982 and 1986; Inswork Point (Millbrook/Tamar) proposed generating station Public Inquiry (1970-1971).
1976-1977 Letters and reports [MD8.2]
- Programme Review by NERC Visiting Group, December 1976.
Summary: Background papers, correspondence, report, and material concerning NERC Council meeting at the MBA (September 1977).
1982 1 box file and 1 parcel
Summary: Background papers.
Programme Review by NERC Visiting Group, December 1986.
1986 2 volumes in 1 box file [MD8.4]
Summary: Background papers.
Inswork Point (Millbrook/ Tamar) proposed generating station Public Inquiry.
1970-1971 1 folder and 1 envelope
Summary: MBA and IMER evidence submitted to the inquiry by Dr Molly Spooner, with background documents.
Royal Society correspondence and committees.
1937-1972 Letters and reports
Summary: General correspondence, and committees attended by S. W. Kemp and
F.S. Russell (1938-1949).
1937-49 Letters and reports
- Royal Society committees:
S.W. Kemp and F.S. Russell correspondence and reports.
Note: Kemp and Russell were active members of several Royal Society committees.
Summary: Includes reports and background papers of Publications Committee
(1938); Biological Expeditions Committee (1937-39); Naval and Airborne Research Committees (1944-48); and Browne Research Fund Committee (1947-49).
Royal Society Correspondence.
1938-1972 Letters, circulars and reports
Summary: Files cover the years 1938-1956, 1956-1963 and 1964-1972. Includes grant applications.
Ray Lankester Fund correspondence and accounts.
1911-1990 Letters, financial statements and accounts, investment records
Note: A trust fund to help support scientists wishing to work as visitors to Plymouth. Set up with the profits of the sale of the Huxley in 19/0, with a contribution from
G.P. Bidder. Additional material for 1907-1950 in Bidder papers PDB7.
Summary: Includes letters to and from G.P. Bidder, James Gray, and others, with comments on investments and opinions on a range of MBA matters and personalities, together with Trust Deed, Deed of Variation (1948)
and financial material from Coutts and others. Folders and envelopes cover 1911-1919, 1919, 19221934, 1942-1953, 1944-1950, 1953-1962, 1962-1974, 1974-1980; 1981-1987, 1988-1990.