Digestion of natural food by larval and post-larval turbot Scophthalmus maximus
Conway, D.V.P. and Tranter, P.R.G. and Coombs, S.H. (1993) Digestion of natural food by larval and post-larval turbot Scophthalmus maximus. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 100 (3). pp. 221-231. ISSN 0171-8630
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The digestion of natural, mainly crustacean zooplankton, by different age groups of turbot Scophthalmus maximus larvae was evaluated by comparisons of visual appearance, dry weight and carbon and nitrogen content of fresh food organisms with material recovered from faeces. Visually, the degree of digestion of food particles ranged from no discernible change of lamellibranch larvae, copepod eggs, intact copepod faecal pellets and some phytoplankton species, to varying degrees of removal of body constituents in copepods, cladocerans and decapod zoea. For crustaceans, the proportion of body constituents removed was related to the size and construction of their apparently indigestible exoskeleton. Uppon defaecation larger organisms showed the greatest percentage loss in dry weight and carbon. A high percentage of nitrogen was extracted from all organisms.
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