Spawning season and temperature relationships for sardine (Sardina pilchardus) in the eastern North Atlantic
Coombs, S.H. and Smyth, T.J. and Conway, D.V.P. and Halliday, N.C. and Bernal, M. and Stratoudakis, Y. and Alvarez, P. (2006) Spawning season and temperature relationships for sardine (Sardina pilchardus) in the eastern North Atlantic. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 86 (5). pp. 1245-1252. ISSN 0025-3154
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Spawning temperature preferences for sardine (Sardina pilchardus) in the eastern North Atlantic were determined from field data. These were compared with climatological temperature cycles (1986-2002) derived from satellite data by geographical region, to predict spawning seasons. Optimum spawning temperatures were determined as 14.0-15.0oC from the English Channel to Portugal and 16.0–18.0oC for all north-west African regions. Spawning seasons were closely related to the general latitudinal trend of the annual temperature cycle, with modification by upwelling in the western Iberian and north-west African regions. Some differences between temperature-based spawning season predictions and field observations were related to variations in seasonal plankton production. Correlations in the annual time-series of favourable spawning temperatures suggested relatively strong linkages between the southern areas from Portugal to Senegal. There was no consistent relationship between annual variations in duration of temperature-predicted spawning seasons and observed field abundance of eggs.
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