Use of satellite data for modelling food availability and survival of marine fish larvae
Smyth, T.J. and Coombs, S.H. and Kloppmann, M.H.F. and Halliday, N.C. and Bartsch, J. and Conway, D.V.P. and Valdes, L. (2005) Use of satellite data for modelling food availability and survival of marine fish larvae. In: Proceedings of RSPSoc 2005: Measuring, Mapping, and Managing a Hazardous World, 6-9 September 2005, Portsmouth, UK. . The Remote Sensing and Photogrammetry Society (RSPSoc)., Nottingham (UK).
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A modelling scheme is described which uses satellite retrieved sea-surface temperature and chlorophyll-a to derive monthly zooplankton biomass estimates in the eastern North Atlantic; this forms part of a bio-physical model of inter-annual variations in the growth and survival of larvae and post-larvae of mackerel (Scomber scombrus). The temperature and chlorophyll data are incorporated first to model copepod (Calanus) egg production rates. Egg production is then converted to available food using distribution data from the Continuous Plankton Recorder (CPR) Survey, observed population biomass per unit daily egg production and the proportion of the larval mackerel diet comprising Calanus. Results are validated in comparison with field observations of zooplankton biomass. The principal benefit of the modelling scheme is the ability to use the combination of broad scale coverage and fine scale temporal and spatial variability of satellite data as driving forces in the model; weaknesses are the simplicity of the egg production model and the broad-scale generalizations assumed in the raising factors to convert egg production to biomass.
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