Partitioning, bioavailability and effects of oestrogens and xeno-oestrogens in the aquatic environment
Langston, W.J. and Burt, G.R. and Chesman, B.S. and Vane, C.H. (2005) Partitioning, bioavailability and effects of oestrogens and xeno-oestrogens in the aquatic environment. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 85 (1). pp. 1-31. ISSN 0025-3154
Full text available as:
Official URL: http://www.journals.cambridge.org/jid_MBI
This review provides insights into the distribution and impact of oestrogens and xeno-oestrogens in the aquatic environment and highlights some significant knowledge gaps in our understanding of endocrine disrupting chemicals. Key areas of uncertainty in the assessment of risk include the role of estuarine sediments in mediating the fate and bioavailability of environmental (xeno)oestrogens (notably their transfer to benthic organisms and estuarine food chains), together with evidence for endocrine disruption in invertebrate populations. Emphasis is placed on using published information to interpret the behaviour and effects of a small number of model compounds thought to contribute to oestrogenic effects in nature; namely, the natural steroid 17 beta -oestradiol (E2) and the synthetic hormone 17 alpha -ethinyloestradiol (EE2), together with the alkyl-phenols octyl- and nonyl-phenol (OP, NP) as oestrogen mimics. Individual sections of the review are devoted to sources and concentrations of (xeno)oestrogens in waterways, sediment partitioning and persistence, bioaccumulation rates and routes, assays and biomarkers of oestrogenicity, and, finally, a synopsis of reproductive and ecological effects in aquatic species.
NMBL Staff Only: edit this record